Laura Frye, director of education and certification with DHI in Chantilly, Va., is part of the team that developed the NFPA 3000 (PS) Standard for an active Shooter/Hostile Event Response (ASHER) Program – the world’s first standard to help communities develop a unified active shooter/hostile event planning, response and recovery program. The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) released the new standard to help policy makers, first responders and others organize, manage, communicate and sustain a holistic active shooter/hostile event preparedness program.

Frye worked with 45 other NFPA Technical Committee members from law enforcement, the fire service, emergency medical services, hospitals, emergency management, private security, private business, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Department of Justice and other disciplines to develop the first-of-its-kind standard. During the fast-paced development period, committee members provided job-specific insight and real-world perspectives from mass killings at Mandalay Bay Resort, Pulse Night Club, Sandy Hook Elementary, the Sikh Temple, the Boston Marathon and other less publicized events.

“The NFPA 3000 process, from start to finish, has been an exceptional example of emergency responders and other safety-focused practitioners swiftly coming together to provide invaluable perspective and address a significant threat in our world,” says NFPA president and CEO Jim Pauley. “The proactive, integrated strategies recommended and defined in NFPA 3000 will go a long way in helping communities plan, respond and recover from active shooter and hostile events.”

After the Pulse Night Club massacre in June of 2016, Chief Otto Drozd of Orange County Fire in Florida requested that NFPA develop a standard to help authorities work together and create a well-defined, cohesive plan that works to minimize harm and maximize resiliency. NFPA responded by establishing the NFPA Technical Committee on Cross Functional Emergency Preparedness and Response.

A three-month public comment phase followed from October 2016 until January 2017, garnering more than 100 comments. In mid-April, NFPA 3000 was issued by the NFPA Standards Council and then published as an American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standard – making it the first consensus ASHER document in the world.

“With active shooter and hostile events increasingly taking place it is important for policy makers and different authorities to come together before, during and after an incident to minimize risk to civilians and responders,” says Frye. “Through NFPA’s standards process, we were able to develop a timely and essential body of knowledge that will help communities address the threat of mass casualty incidents. We proudly represent DHI and our members in this effort and our Foundation’s public safety campaign, ‘Opening the Door to School Safety’ at”

In addition to offering NFPA 3000 (PS) via a new digital subscription – which will be updated automatically when the next edition becomes available – NFPA is offering an online training series (the first of three courses are available now); a downloadable checklist; a readiness assessment document; and a fact sheet for authorities to learn more about establishing a proactive, collaborative active shooter/hostile event program.

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