The tariff conflict between China and the U.S. have escalated in the past 36 hours, with the U.S. declaring that it intends to hit 1,300 more Chinese products with 25 percent tariffs. Soon after, China retaliated, announcing plans to impose 25-percent tariffs on 106 U.S. exports, worth $50 billion annually.

The U.S.-proposed tariffs on Chinese goods include televisions and motorcycles.

China’s proposed tariffs on U.S. goods include soybeans, automobiles, orange juice and whiskey, as well as primary shapes of pure polyvinyl chloride, or vinyl. That’s the main ingredient in a significant percentage of residential windows around the world, and it represents a growing part of the Chinese window market.

According to a February 2014 report from The Freedonia Group, metal windows accounted for about 60 percent of overall demand in China, but the market for vinyl windows was expected to grew nearly 9 percent a year from 2014-2017. The website lists 449 vinyl window manufacturers and suppliers in the country.

According to, the U.S. is China’s top import PVC supplier. In the first 11 months of 2017, China imported 664,180 tons of PVC from the U.S., accounting for 40 percent of the country’s total import volume.

The White House has said that the proposed tariffs are in response to an investigation into alleged intellectual property infringement by the Chinese.

The latest tit-for-tat tariffs come days after the Chinese government announced $3 billion in tariffs on U.S. goods, including pork and steel pipes, which came after the U.S. imposed tariffs of 25 percent on steel imports and 10 percent on aluminum imports from all countries. That list of countries has since been narrowed, but still includes China.

The Aluminum Extruders Council (AEC) urged President Trump to target China specifically.

“We believe the president should focus on China, and we’re unconvinced that these tariffs do a sufficient job,” said AEC president Jeff Henderson after the initial aluminum and steel tariff was imposed. “As far as curtainwall, storefront and doors and windows, I think we’ll be putting companies at a disadvantage by denying them access to global prices of aluminum.”

It is unclear when the newly proposed tariffs would take effect, but the Chinese Vice Finance Minister Zhu Guangyao said in a news conference, “It is time for the U.S. administration to change sides back to the right track, keep real dialogue with the Chinese side. We hope that we can work together.”

There has been no indication that the U.S. government will back down. The president tweeted on Wednesday, “We are not in a trade war with China, that war was lost many years ago by the foolish, or incompetent, people who represented the U.S. Now we have a Trade Deficit of $500 Billion a year, with Intellectual Property Theft of another $300 Billion. We cannot let this continue!”

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