The Multifamily Production Index (MPI) from the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) held steady with a reading of 54 for the first quarter of 2015, marking the 13th consecutive quarter at 50 or above.

The MPI measures builder and developer sentiment about current conditions in the apartment and condominium market on a scale of 0 to 100. The index and all of its components are scaled so that any number over 50 indicates that more respondents report conditions are improving than report conditions are getting worse.

The MPI provides a composite measure of three key elements of the multifamily housing market: construction of low-rent units, market-rate rental units and “for-sale” units, or condominiums. The MPI component tracking low-rent units increased two points to 54, market-rate rental units dipped three points to 59 and for-sale units held steady at 50.

The Multifamily Vacancy Index (MVI), which measures the multifamily housing industry’s perception of vacancies, dropped three points to 36, with lower numbers indicating fewer vacancies. It’s the lowest reading since the fourth quarter of 2012.

“The steady performance of the MPI reflects the stable production rate we’ve seen recently in apartments and condos,” says NAHB chief economist David Crowe. “In terms of vacancies, the MVI is the lowest it’s been in the last couple of years. As more renters enter the market after having put off forming their own households for an extended period, demand for multifamily housing continues to strengthen.”

Historically, the MPI and MVI have performed well as leading indicators of U.S. Census figures for multifamily starts and vacancy rates, providing information on likely movement in the Census figures one to three quarters in advance, according to the NAHB.

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