Polyera Poised to Enable Windows That Act as Solar PanelsFebruary 6th, 2012 by DWM Magazine
Polyera Corp. of Chicago has achieved a certified 9.1 percent efficient polymer/fullerene organic solar cell in an inverted bulk heterojunction architecture using its newest proprietary ActivInk PV2000 semiconductor material, according to company news release. The high efficiency of this material in an inverted architecture, in combination with its other properties, represents a breakthrough in the development of organic solar cell technology for large-scale manufacturing of low-cost, lightweight, flexible, and optically semitransparent solar modules. The device performance was certified by Newport Corp.’s PV cell lab.
Solar power is gradually becoming cost-competitive with traditional mainstream energy sources such as oil and coal, but to achieve this still requires further reductions in the costs of materials, manufacturing, and installation. Organic solar cells hold the promise of addressing these issues due to their potential to be manufactured on large areas at high speeds on lightweight substrates such as plastic, but still require further increases in efficiency and operational lifetime to be truly cost-competitive with traditional energy sources. However, in the short term, other properties unique to organic solar cells — such as the ability to be light, flexible, and optically semi-transparent — make them perfectly suited for use in architectural or other design areas, such as windows that also act as solar panels, for use in office buildings or cars, where other energy technologies are infeasible. The key challenge, then, is enabling efficient enough organic solar technology that can also be cost-effectively and reliably manufactured at industrial scale.
The latest results from Polyera represent a step in that direction, demonstrating 9.1 percent power-conversion efficiency (i.e. how much energy from the sun is converted into usable electricity) combined with other important — but often overlooked — factors that affect a technology’s true commercial viability. An inverted cell architecture, for example, provides a number of commercially relevant benefits, such as making solar panels easier to manufacture and improving their useful life. Polyera’s active layer materials can also be deposited using a significantly broader range of film thicknesses without lowering cell efficiency; this broader process window improves yields and further simplifies manufacturing. Polyera’s materials can be processed at low enough temperatures to be compatible with a wide range of simple printing processes and common, inexpensive plastic substrates like PET or PEN.
Polyera will launch a series of organic solar cell active-layer inks, to be commercialized under the trade name ActivInk PV.
“We have concentrated our [solar] work on the chemistry of these materials and found a new way to design and combine the active layer building blocks to maximize certain optical and electrical properties,” says Antonio Facchetti, founder and CTO of Polyera. “These latest results bring us a significant step closer to enabling true commercialization.”
“It is broadly recognized that the availability of materials affording higher performance and lifetime is the key to unlocking the great potential of OPV technology and the past year has seen rapid advances on this front,” says Philippe Inagaki, founder and CEO. “We are excited to further support the commercialization of OPV technology with our latest generation of ActivInk PV materials.”